Smoking is bad enough for the health of people who do not have additional disorders, the habit claiming the lives of 480,000 people per year, but the numbers are even grimmer in the case of diabetics who smoke. According to a new survey, diabetics who also prefer the company of cigarettes face dim prospects.
It seems that heavy smokers who struggle with diabetes have two times more chances of dying young than diabetics or smokers taken separately.
Researchers at Colorado University, Denver, surveyed the health status of 53,000 American individuals. All of them had a history of smoking, some abandoning the habit over the years, some remaining addicted to cigarettes.
The team of scientists analyzed data collected by the National Lung Screening Trial. The trial compared yearly CT scans of both active and former heavy smokers. From the total number of participants, 5,000 were also suffering from diabetes.
Volunteers who struggled with diabetes were more likely to be active smokers, weigh more than the participants who did not struggle with diabetes and be older.
During the trial, roughly 4,000 participants died, 1,000 of them losing their lives due to lung cancer, and 800 from other cancer types.
The scientists found that diabetics who indulged in smoking were twice as likely to die as smokers who had no history of blood sugar problems. During the seven years of the study, thirteen percent of diabetics who smoked lost the struggle. Only seven percent of smokers without diabetes died in the same period.
Lung cancer seemed to have a bigger affinity for diabetic women who smoked rather for their male counterpart. Researchers found that women smokers who struggle with the disorder have 80 percent more chances of dying young than women who had normal blood sugar levels.
In the case of male diabetics participants who smoked, the scientists discovered that there was no precise correlation between lung cancer and their final cause of death. However, the habit did contribute to their early deaths.
Dr. Kavita Garg, the lead author of the paper, declared that the findings should mobilize diabetics to kick the habit, especially since the disorder is not curable. Moreover, all diabetics who smoke should undergo regular lung cancer screening, their health being in more danger.
Image source: Wikipedia