January was celebrated as the Cervical Cancer Awareness Month. As such, the public health specialists did their best to inform and educate Americans about the risk of this condition. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary cause influencing the development of cervical cancer among women.
This disease appears in the cervix, which is the lower and narrow of the uterus. Based on the estimates from the National Cancer Institute, roughly 12,000 women developed cervical cancer out of which 4,000 died in 2013 in the United States.
This condition usually occurs in midlife, more precisely, between ages 35 and 55. Still, around twenty percent of cases occur in women age 65 or older. Regardless of a woman’s age, this disease is preventable and treatable.
In order for this to happen, women should stick to the guidelines about this condition which include both vaccination and screening. The leading risk factors influencing the development of this condition include smoking, HPV, multiple sex partners, and unhealthy diets.
Previous studies suggest that oncogenic HPV infections and untreated chlamydia can also lead to cervical cancer. In 2008, a group of experts discovered that the diets rich in vitamins (E, C, A), vegetables, fruits, and fiber could reduce the risk of this form of cancer by forty to sixty percent.
The public health experts stress on the important of early detection to reduce the mortality rates related to this condition. Screening is vital because cancer takes at least a few years to develop in most cases.
Also, this disease usually goes undetected because it doesn’t cause pain. Common symptoms of cervical cancer include unusual discharge, bleeding after menopause, and vaginal bleeding. The Pap test is one of the screening tests which can detect cervical cancer.
However, this test is not the most accurate, but it is useful in some cases. Women are recommended to go for an HPV test on a regular basis to prevent or early detect cervical cancer. If this disease spreads, it can be difficult to treat and potentially deadly.
According to the specialists, sexually active people have a high risk of contracting HPV during their lifetime. As such, they should do their best to prevent this condition. HPV leads to cervical cancer in roughly 99 percent of cases.
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